In April 2016, International Alert, in partnership with the Kenya Muslim Youth Alliance (KMYA), began a rapid assessment of the factors that have fuelled or mitigated violence in six selected neighbourhoods:
Pumwani and Eastleigh in Nairobi; and Likoni, Old Town, Kisauni and Majengo in Mombasa. The neighbourhoods were selected following a review of media, scholarly, government and civil society reports.
Areas of Focus
In Kenya, policies and practices to counter violent extremism face challenges including a dominant narrative that continues to understand violent extremism as an external, rather than a homegrown threat. Even where knowledge of the local contexts in which violent extremism emerges exists, policies and practices are not grounded in this knowledge. In addition, most violent extremism
programmes seem to be driven by an over-simplistic identification of ‘key drivers’ of violent extremism, and fail to consider violent extremism as a complex phenomenon driven by the interplay of multiple dynamic factors.
The report analyzed and summarized the finding into three dynamic factors namely;
- Inter- and intra-community relations
- Inter-generational relations
- State–citizen relations